Data collected by NGOs suggests the majority of trafficking victims are men subjected to forced labor, primarily in Russia. Belarusian victims are exploited primarily in Belarus and Russia, as well as in Poland, Turkey, and other countries in Europe, Eurasia, and the Middle East. Some Belarusian women traveling for foreign employment in the adult entertainment and hotel industries are subjected to sex trafficking. The government has identified Belarusian, Moldovan, Russian, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese victims exploited in Belarus. Due to the pandemic, traffickers increasingly use online methods to coerce victims into forced labor and sex trafficking. In August 2020, Maryia Kalesnikava, who campaigned with Tsikhanouskaya and Babaryka, announced the creation of a new political party called “Together.” In September, Kalesnikava was kidnapped and later incarcerated, effectively ending the initiative.
Though Lukashenka claimed victory in the 2020 presidential elections, the legitimacy of his office is disputed both domestically and internationally. The constitution vests power in the president, stating that presidential decrees have higher legal force than legislation. Lukashenka considers himself the head of all branches of government, including the parliament, which always supports his policies and rarely initiates legislation on its own. The president is elected for five-year terms, and there https://fuelsaver.pro/2023/02/02/first-usaf-female-officer-attends-royal-thai-air-force-air-command-and-staff-college-air-force-article-display/ are no term limits. President Lukashenka was first elected in 1994, in the country’s only democratic election. The 2020 campaign period was heavily controlled by authorities, who permitted only 15 of 55 applicants to register as candidates.
- This will help to you to determine whether or not you are compatible.
- “Gender equality is critical in all States parties to the Convention.
- Political parties face formidable challenges when seeking official registration.
- The young couple had to live with the husband’s family and often marriage was a compromise.
- One of the most prominent women’s organization to emerge was the Women’s Independent Democratic Movement.
In the current functioning contract system, the contract itself is, in fact, a short-term employment agreement. Consequently, it turns out that the contract cannot be canceled due to the employee’s own free will. Let us say in real life it happens that a person has found a better job or vice versa, that family emergency requires you to stay at home for longer – but you are not allowed to. Officially, the contract can be terminated only upon the agreement of the parties, i.e. if the employer is against the dismissal of an employee, then it will be difficult for him/her to be fired. Indeed, Belarus provides a long-term paid maternal leave for childcare (the so-called “maternity leave”). However, the level of these state guarantees, as well as the level of salaries, is very low. Only pregnant women, women with children under 3 years old and with disabled children are more or less protected by law under the contract system.
With the incorporation of the Belarusian territories into the Great Lithuanian Duchy and later into the Polish-dominated Commonwealth, Roman Catholicism and Protestantism flourished in Belarus. At the end of the sixteenth century, the struggle between the Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches produced the Orthodox Uniate Church, governed by the Vatican. The Orthodox Church dominated following the Russian defeat of uprisings in 1863 and 1864. Commuters climb on and off a city bus in Minsk, the largest city, with a population of almost two million. Among the primary products traded are buckwheat, chalk, chloride, clay, limestone, peat, potassium, quartz sand, rye, sodium chloride, sugar beets, timber, tobacco, wheat, farm machinery, fertilizers, glass, machine tools, synthetic fibers, and textiles. Among the most significant export partners are Russia , Ukraine, Poland, Germany, and Lithuania. Belarusian eating habits are not very different from those of people in other Eastern European cultures.
The State of the Physical and Social Sciences
The election results sparked largescale protests as members of the opposition and civil society criticized the election’s validity. Alyaksandr LUKASHENKA has remained in power as the disputed winner of the presidential election after quelling protests in late 2020. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Belarus, and traffickers exploit victims from Belarus abroad.
Women Lead The Way Against Belarus’ Patriarch, Says Svetlana Tikhanovskaya
Its essence is that in the overwhelming majority of the countries of the world , if a person has a sufficiently high qualification and a permanent https://gardeniaweddingcinema.com/european-women/belarusian-women/ job, then his/her level and quality of life far exceed the minimum subsistence level identified in the country. However, this pattern is not applicable to Belarus – what, in fact, possesses to talk about the phenomenon of “working poor”. This situation has a downside – at the end of the contract, the employer does not have to extend it and explain the reasons for not extending the contract to the employee. Moreover, as practice shows, this hits women employees far harder than others. We have seen enough number of such situations – especially among teachers.
On 20 June 2017, Belarusian news agencies reported that Belarus has fallen below the “sensitive” countries that have no guarantee of protection of workers’ rights. This was stated in the rating of ITUC Global Rights Index for 2017, compiled by the International Trade Union Confederation. The investigation has covered cases of 139 countries around the world. 34 more countries including Bahrain, Bangladesh, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Ukraine, Turkey, Zimbabwe, and others along with Belarus have fallen into the same group. The modern-day characteristics of women in Belarus evolved from the events that happened in the history of Belarus, particularly when the „concept of equal rights for women was first developed and substantiated in the late 16th century“. The so-called Grand Duchy Charter of 1588 – one of the most important legal documents in Belarusian history – protected the dignity of Belarusian women under the law. Women in Belarus and their contribution to Belarusian society is celebrated annually on the 8th of March, during International Women’s Day.
The wife was not responsible for her husband’s debts, but the husband was for his wife’s. Belarusian married women enjoyed relative equality in decision-making and economic share.